Types Of Fire Extinguisher

You will find five main fire extinguisher types – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, Wet Chemical and CO2. You need to have the correct kinds of fire extinguisher for the premises of yours, or maybe you might not meet current regulations.
The different kinds of fire extinguisher put out fires started with various fuel types – these’re called’ classes’ of fire. The fire danger from the various classes of fire in your company premises will decide which fire extinguisher types you are needing.

You’ll also have to ensure you’ve the correct size and mass of fire extinguisher and the right type. You are able to read more about the present UK extinguisher regulations here.

Whilst generally there are actually five primary kinds of fire extinguisher, you will find various variations of both the Water along with Dry Powder extinguishers, meaning there are actually a total of eight fire extinguisher kinds to select from. The eight varieties of fire extinguisher are:

– Water
– Water Mist
– Water Spray
– Foam
– Dry Powder – Standard
– Dry Powder – Specialist
– Carbon Dioxide (‘CO2′)
– Wet Chemical

There’s no one extinguisher type that really works on all classes of fire.

Below is actually a summary of the classes of fire, along with a quick guide chart showing what kinds of extinguisher must be utilized on every. We then offer a comprehensive explanation of every kind of fire extinguisher below.

The classes of fire There are actually 6 classes of fire: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D,’ Electrical’, and Class F.

– Class A fires – combustible materials: caused by flammable solids, such as wood, newspaper, and fabric
– Class B fires – flammable liquids: including petrol, paint or even turpentine
– Class C fires – flammable gases: like hydrogen, methane or perhaps butane
– Class D fires – combustible metals: chemicals such as magnesium, potassium or perhaps aluminium
– Electrical fires – electrical equipment: as soon as the power product is actually eliminated, the fire changes class
– Class F fires – cooking oils: typically a chip pan fire

That fire extinguisher types are actually used for every category of fire? – quick guide
kinds of fire extinguisher quick reference chart – explains what every kind of extinguisher is actually applied for at a glance

Kinds of fire extinguisher – a comprehensive guide

 

Water ExtinguishersWater fire extinguisher the various kinds of fire extinguisher
Overview:
Water extinguishers are the most typical fire extinguisher choice for training A fire danger. Most premises are going to require either water or perhaps foam extinguishers.

Label Colour:
– Bright Red

Utilize for:
– Organic materials like as:
o Paper and cardboard
o Fabrics as well as textiles
coal and o Wood

Don’t use for:
– Fires involving electrical equipment
– Kitchen fires
– Flammable gas and liquids

How water extinguishers work: The water has a cool influence on the gas, causing it to burn considerably more gradually until the flames are eventually extinguished.

Types of premises/business that might need water extinguishers:
– Buildings built of wood or perhaps any other natural materials
– Premises where there are actually natural components to be discovered such as:
o Offices
o Schools
o Hospitals
o Residential properties
o Warehouses

Actually, most buildings require whether water or perhaps foam extinguishers.

Where to find water extinguishers:
– By the exits on a floor where a group A fire danger has been identified

Water spray extinguishers – what is the difference?:
Water spray extinguishers are actually built with a spray nozzle, instead of a jet nozzle, signifying a much better surface region could be covered faster as well as the fire put out more quickly.

Water mist extinguishers – what is the difference?:
Water mist extinguishers enjoy a distinct kind of nozzle again which releases microscopic water particles. These particles’ suffocate’ the fire as well as develop a wall of mist between the individual as well as the fire using the extinguisher, decreasing the sensation of heat.

Contact us to purchase water fire extinguishers

Foam Extinguishers
Foam fire extinguisher image – cream label – the various kinds of extinguisherOverview: Foam extinguishers are most common type of fire extinguisher for Class B fires, but also focus on Class A fires as they’re water based.

Label Colour:
– Cream

Utilize for:
– Organic materials like as:
o Paper and cardboard
o Fabrics as well as textiles
coal and o Wood
Plus:
– Flammable liquids, like petrol and paint

Don’t use for:
– Kitchen fires
– Fires involving electrical equipment
– Flammable metals

How foam extinguishers work: As with water extinguishers, foam extinguishers enjoy a cool effect on the gas. On burning liquids, the foaming agent results in a shield between the gas as well as the flame, extinguishing the fire.

Types of premises/business who might need Foam extinguishers:
– Buildings built of wood or perhaps any other natural materials
– Premises where there are actually natural components to be discovered such as:
o Offices
o Schools
o Hospitals
o Residential properties
o Warehouses
– Buildings where flammable fluids are stored

In reality most buildings require whether water or perhaps foam extinguishers

Where to find foam extinguishers:
– By the exits on a floor where a group A or perhaps Class B fire risk has been identified

Contact us to purchase foam fire extinguishers

Dry Powder Extinguishers
dry-powder-fire-extinguisher-blue-label-the-different-types-of-fire-extinguisherOverview: Standard dry powder extinguishers are usually called’ ABC’ extinguishers since they tackle category A, C and B fires, the way they’re not advised for use in enclosed spaces. This’s because the powder can be breathed, and furthermore, the residue is quite hard to clean up after. ABC powder extinguishers may also be worn on a number of electric fires. Specialist dry powder extinguishers are actually utilized for flammable metals.

Label Colour:
– Blue

Utilize for:
– Organic materials like as:
o Paper and cardboard
o Fabrics as well as textiles
coal and o Wood
Plus:
– Flammable liquids, like petrol and paint
Plus:
– Flammable gases, like liquid petroleum gas (Acetylene and lpg)
Plus:
– Fires involving electrical power gear up to 1000v

Specialist dry powder extinguishers are just used on flammable metals, like magnesium and titanium.

Don’t use for:
– Fires involving cooking oil
– Fires involving electrical power equipment more than 1000v
– or perhaps in enclosed spaces, like offices or perhaps residential properties

How dry powder extinguishers work: Dry powder extinguishers smother fires by developing a barrier between the supply and also the gas of oxygen.

Types of premises/business who might need Dry Powder extinguishers:
– Businesses using flammable gases for chemical processes
– Premises where welding and flame cutting takes place
– Garage forecourts
– Liquid petroleum gas (LPG) dispensing plants
– Premises with big, commercial boiler rooms

Where to find Dry Powder extinguishers: – Place dry powder extinguishers near to the cause of the fire danger.

Specialist Dry Powder extinguishers – what is the difference?:
Specialist dry powder extinguishers do the job in the exact same fashion as regular dry powder extinguishers but are actually for using with flammable metals only. There are actually two kinds of specialized dry powder extinguishers -‘ L2′ that just tackles lithium fires, and’ M28′, for any other flammable metal fires.

Contact us to purchase dry powder fire extinguishers

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extinguishers
Overview:
CO2 extinguishers are predominantly used for electrical fire consequences and are typically the primary fire extinguisher type provided in computer server rooms. Additionally they put out Class B fires (flammable liquids, like petroleum and paint).

Label Colour:
– Black

Utilize for:
– Flammable liquids, like petrol and paint
– Electrical fires

Don’t use for:
– Kitchen fires – especially chip pan fires
– Combustible materials as paper, textiles or perhaps wood
– Flammable metals

How CO2 extinguishers work:
CO2 extinguishers suffocate fires by displacing the oxygen the fire has to burn.

Types of premises/business that might need CO2 extinguishers:
– Premises with electric equipment, such as:
o Offices
o Kitchens
o Construction sites
o Server rooms

All work automobiles must also have a small 2kg CO2 extinguisher.

Where to locate CO2 extinguishers: – Place near to the cause of the fire danger and/or near the fire exits.

Contact us to purchase CO2 fire extinguishers

 

Wet Chemical Extinguishers
wet chemical fire extinguisher – yellow label – various kinds of extinguisherOverview: Wet chemical extinguishers are actually created for use on Class F fires, involving cooking oils and fats. They could also be worn on Class A fires although it’s a lot more typical to use a foam or maybe water extinguisher for this particular kind of fire danger.

Label Colour:
– Yellow

Utilize for:
– Cooking oil/fat fires
– Organic materials like as:
o Paper and cardboard
o Fabrics as well as textiles
coal and o Wood

Don’t use for:
– Flammable liquid or even gas fires
– Electrical fires
– Flammable metals

How wet chemical extinguishers work: Wet chemical extinguishers build a level of foam on the surface area of the burning oil or maybe fat, preventing oxygen from fuelling the fire any more. The spray also offers a cool influence.

Types of premises/business who might need wet chemical extinguishers:
– Commercial kitchens
– Canteens

Where to find wet chemical extinguishers: – Place near to the cause of the fire danger.

Contact us to purchase wet chemical fire extinguishers

This guide is hoped by us to the various kinds of fire extinguisher has been beneficial.

in case you still have questions, or maybe if you would want booking a complimentary survey of the premises of yours by one of our BAFE registered extinguisher engineers, please just call us on 0800 157 1113 or perhaps email us at infosurreyfire.co.uk.